Biotechnology is a branch of science that merges biological concepts with technology for better use and advancements in the field of science, technology, and humanity. Here is biotechnology — the advantages and the risks at a glance.
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Biotechnology deploys a range of technologies that use living organisms or a part of them to make all sorts of useful products and services. These services and products are as diverse as renewable fuels, drugs, and therapeutics. The products may also be as disparate as nutritional compounds, environment-friendly chemicals, and materials, household cleaning products and services, organs for transplant, and more.
What is Biotechnology?
We can say that biotechnology may be the manipulation of living organisms and organic materials using different patterns that meet our needs on various platforms. Or simply put, Biotechnology uses living organisms to produce useful products and services.
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Biotechnology may have different variations in definitions, however it has a purpose to attain certain requirements in the field of medicines, agriculture, industries, and more, through manipulations and production.
Let’s check out a few of the technical definitions and terminologies of biotechnology as defined by some federations and organizations.
- Defined by the European Federation of Biotechnology – Biotechnology may be the application of biochemistry, microbiology and engineering sciences to experience the technological application of the capabilities of microorganisms and cultured tissue cells.
- According to the Biology Industry Organization – Biotechnology is the science of using cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products and services.
- According to International Unions of Pure and Applied Chemistry (1981) – biotechnology is the application of biochemistry, biology, and microbiology, chemical engineering to industrial processes, products and on the surroundings.
The term Biotechnology is usually misunderstood.
The OECD — the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development — defines biotechnology as “the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents.”
Some people have believed the biotechnology is limited to the application of molecular biology ways to identify genes responsible for particular traits to clone, study, characterize and manipulate, nonetheless it is not the case.
There are many rapid advances happening in different fields of biotechnology like medical biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology, and industrial biotechnology.
The four major disciplines in biotechnology.
The four major disciplines in biotechnology are medical, industrial, marine and agricultural processes and each process is represented by a specific color. These colors are: red, white, blue, and green respectively.
The four disciplines are known as Red biotechnology, White biotechnology, Blue biotechnology, and Green biotechnology — depending on their roles and functions.
- Green biotechnology can be used to improve the production quality of crops. Green biotechnology boosts the economy that includes the plant’s tissue culture, engineering culture, and molecular marker-assisted breeding. Green biotechnology is dependant on providing agricultural solutions without affecting the surroundings. As it specializes in improving agricultural processes, it has obtained the obtaining of transgenic plants resistant to terrains, and adverse environmental conditions in addition to resistant to diseases and pests.
- Red biotechnology can be used by biotechnologists to find healthcare solutions. These solutions include vaccines for a lot of dreadful diseases and viruses that currently plague humanity. Also, much research work is done in gene therapy, testing genetics and in the region of “improvement diagnosis.”Red biotechnology can be used for medical processes like obtaining antibiotics, new drugs, vaccines, and newer kinds of molecular diagnosis. It has regenerative therapies and the use of genetic engineering to cure diseases.
- White biotechnology is exclusively placed on improve industrial processes. The white biotech will keep on producing services and products for industrial and environmental processes. White biotech uses yeast, molds, bacteria, and enzymes for its research. The preferred outcome of white biotechnology may be the development of biodegradable products and services to earn profits and provide better services.
- Blue biotechnology can be known as marine biotechnology. Blue biotechnology may be the application of molecular biological methods to marine and freshwater life. It uses marine organisms, and their derivatives, to increase seafood supply. Blue biotechnology increases safety and controls the proliferation of noxious water-borne organisms, and develops new drugs. Blue biotechnology is in charge of the development of aquaculture, care of marine creatures, water treatment and production of food derived from the ocean.
Biotechnology and Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is the next big thing in biotechnology. Biotechnology just isn’t the only area that artificial intelligence has revolutionized. It’s transformed the study and development activities in several crucial areas.
Almost all the leading biopharmaceutical bigwigs globally are strategically implementing AI-driven technologies in their biotech businesses. AI boost’s up the development processes and gains newer insights in research and development outsourcing.
Artificial intelligence (AI) can be described as the power of a computer or robot-controlled computer to perform tasks that are commonly associated with intelligent creatures. Specifically, a “scientific discipline that requires building pcs whose behavior can be interpreted intelligently.
The following are a few of the major applications of AI in biotechnology.
Clearly, AI can help identify drug targets, find good molecules from data libraries, suggest chemical modifications, identify candidates for repurposing and the like.
Artificial Intelligence is transforming data into drugs by its amazing technological advances. No wonder all of the big pharmacy and biotech are betting big style on AI.
How does Biotechnology impact our lives?
Biotechnology can be an innovative, dynamic and ever-evolving cutting-edge sector. It plays a significant role in every major aspects of human interests and benefits. Biotech touches all areas including economics, environment, and health. The applications of biotechnology have both positive in addition to negative impacts for human civilization.
Biotechnologies are fundamentally oriented for improving the efficiency of production techniques in agricultural, industrial and biomedical fields.
Several high level surveys and statistics throughout the world emphatically explain how biotechnology is poised to change our lives permanently.
The “higher purposes” of Biotechnology.
In the earlier days, biotechnology’s usage was limited to fundamental processes like making cheese, wine, bread. Today we have the benefit of superior technologies and the motive of urgent requirements to use biotechnology appropriately for a lot of higher purposes of the society.
Biotechnology is controlling a major element of our lives without us realizing its presence within our surroundings and utilities.
The four disciplines of Biotechnology have been in control of our lives.
Controlling many areas, such as the food we eat to medicines we eat, the clothes we wear and how they are washed to the fuel we use, biotechnology is every-where. The four disciplines of biotechnology are making its invaluable presence felt in meeting our everyday needs.
Biotechnology is usually being regarded more being an art than a science.
Biotech is sometimes perhaps not thought of as a science, however it should be. Because of biotechnology’s ability to touch upon people’s lives by accentuating the caliber of life, it’s becoming invaluable.
The solutions Biotechnology provides change results for the grand challenges of society. Solutions are found for food security, climate change, energy shortages, healthcare choices, and affordability. We find solutions for industrial processes and medical needs — even solutions in fighting with epidemics.