designing and conducting experiments, making observations and measurements, researching information, analysing data, preparing or supervising the preparation of laboratory reports and scientific papers, presenting findings at scientific meetings and conferences, and supervising the work of staff
studying the forms and structures of bodily organs and tissues by systematic observation, dissection and microscopic examination
investigating the chemical structure and function of living cells and their isolated components, organs and tissues in humans, animals, plants, and micro-organisms
examining micro-organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, yeast and their enzymes, and using the knowledge gained to create and develop new, and improve existing, products, materials and processes
investigating the effects of environmental factors, such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography and disease, on plant growth
planning and undertaking experiments to study, measure and understand marine animals and plants
studying the growth and characteristics of micro-organisms, such as bacteria, algae and fungi, and the effects they have on plants, animals and humans to develop medical, veterinary, industrial, environmental and other practical applications
investigating the interrelationships between animals in their natural surroundings, in captivity and in laboratories

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